By the end of this unit students will be able to:
- Distinguish between a solute and a solvent.
- Compare and contrast saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated.
- List and explain factors that affect the rate at which a solid solute dissolves in a liquid solvent.
- Explain the meaning of “like dissolves like” in terms of polar substances and nonpolar substances.
- Describe the effects that temperature has on solubility.
- Compare and contrast “dilute” and “concentrated” solutions in terms of their solvent and solute.
- Explain what a colligative property is and how it specifically affects a substance.
- Use a reaction pathway to discuss the energy of the forward and reverse reactions.
- Identify the activated complex and activation energy of a reaction pathway.
- Determine if a reaction is endothermic and exothermic based on its reaction pathway.
- Use the concentration formula to solve for the mass of solute, volume of solute, or molarity of the solution.
- Use the dilution formula to determine how to make a dilute solution from a more concentrated one.
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