By the end of this unit students will be able to:

  • List general properties of aqueous acids and bases. 
  • Name common binary acids and bases, given their chemical formulas. 
  • Define acid and base according to the Arrhenius, Bronstead-Lowry, and Lewis theories.
  • Explain the differences between strong and weak acids and bases.
  • Describe a conjugate acid and a conjugate base.
  • Explain the process of neutralization.
  • Define pH and use the pH scale.
  • Describe how an acid-base indicator functions.
  • Explain how to carry out an acid-base titration.
  • Given [H3O+] or [OH], find pH and pOH.
  • Given pH or pOH, find [H3O+] or [OH]
  • Calculate the molarity of a solution from titration data.

See Acid/Base Equilibrium at PhET

Explore the pH scale at PhET